RESOURCE CENTER

About Hand-Loomed Carpets

The hand-loomed fabrication process consists of weaving yarn over a series of metal rods spanning the width of the loom. Hand weaving is capable of creating a variety of textures and finishes that cannot be achieved with conven- tional machine weaving or tufting. Due to the nuances inherent in manufacturing hand-loomed carpets. Antrim products should only be installed by qualified technicians. These nuances may include:
.          Slight textural differences
.          Slight pattern deviation within a roll
.          Minor fluctuations in a roll length            and width



CARPET FIBERS

Antrim Carpets are hand-loomed using primarily 100% all natural wool. It has been the standard in floor covering for centuries and has inherent qualities that synthetic manufacturers try to emulate. Antrim sources only the finest wools from around the world.

WOOL

INSIDE THE HOME

HYPO-ALLERGENIC
Wool is a hypo-allergenic fiber and does not promote the growth of bacteria and dust mites or give off harmful emissions.

STAIN-RESISTANCE/CLEANABILITY
Wool cleans better and won't soil as quickly due to its natural soil resistance, making chemical stain protection treatments unnecessary. Therefore, less deep cleanings during the lifetime of the carpet.

FLAMMABILITY
Wool carpets have exceptionally low levels of flammability making them a logical choice for creating healthy, safe indoor environments.

AIR PURIFYING
Wool fibers absorb and neutralize polluting gases such as formaldehyde, sulfur dioxide, and nitrous oxides.

Drying wool in natural light



At times, other fibers, such as viscose, tencel, and polyester are incorporated to add lustrous accents to many of its products





VISCOSE
Viscose is a fiber that is similar to cotton but can be produced from plant material such as bamboo, soy, or sugar cane.
Viscose has a brilliant luster and very similar tactile qualities to natural silk.

TENCEL
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Like viscose, tencel is a derivative of wood pulp.

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Tencel is more absorbant than cotton, softer than silk and cooler than linen.

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Tencel is naturally resistant to moths and effectively combats the formation of mold.

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Tencel is also characterized by excellent dye affinity and brilliant expressive colors.

POLYESTER

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Polyester is a synthetic, long-lasting man-made fiber with exceptional softness and color capabilities.

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Polyester does not absorb moisture, making spills and stains easy to remove.

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Polyester is non-toxic and hypo-allergenic.

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CARE AND MAINTENANCE

Vacuuming at least two times a week is the best way to keep your Antrim Carpet and rugs looking their best. The inherent properties of wool fibers provide superior performance and soil resistance. Vacuuming helps keep soil from reaching the foundation of the carpet and keeps cut pile finishes looking great.

To prevent pulls and snags with our loop-pile constructions, only suction vacuuming is recommended.

Rotate area rugs periodically (every 4-6 months) to minimize pile distortion resulting from repetitive wear and foot traffic.

Give your carpet the normal protection from direct sunlight that you would give to any colored fabric. Fading can be caused BY emissions from heating fuels or chemicals such as pesticides, cleaning agents, and other household items.




Occasionally move furniture or other objects positioned on the carpet one or two inches to avoid crushing and allow pile to return to its original finish.

Cleaning

Antrim Carpets and rugs should only be dry-cleaned. We recommend a dry-cleaning agent such as Capture, Host or similar brands approved for use on wool, viscose, tencel and polyester. Always test a small, inconspicuous area before treating the entire affected portion of the carpet.

In most instances, spot cleaning and regular vacuuming are all that IS needed to keep Antrim Carpets looking great. However, if an overall cleaning is desired, a dry cleaning method performed by an authorized professional is recommended.

ECO FRIENDLY PRODUCT RESPONSIBILITY:


Benefits of Wool


The natural choice...Environmentally
Friendly
BIODEGRADABLE
Wool is a biodegradable natural fiber and one of the most environmentally friendly flooring products.

RENEWABLE
Wool is a renewable product and, therefore, has less negative impact on the environment.

SUSTAINABLE LIFE CYCLE
Wool has a longer life cycle than other fibers resulting in a smaller environmental footprint.
Antrims line of un-dyed, top quality wool gives our customers the opportunity to experience the fresh, chemical-free feel of natural fiber. Atrium blends its wool fibers to provide beautiful heathered colorways.

Antrim Carpets does not use any chemicals or pesticides in any of our products.

Antrim Carpets are manufactured using natural latex and action backing to provide exceptional dimensional stability. This process is critical to facilitate wall-to-wall installation and custom area rug fabrication. These materials used in the products allow us to proudly offer our customers floor covering that is 99% natural.

Antrim products have been used in a wide variety of residential and commercial applications.

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Q+A

Q. CAN I PURCHASE PRODUCTS DIRECTLY FROM ANTRIM?
A. Antrim only sells to floor covering showrooms throughout the U.S. and Canada. Please see our DEALER LOCATOR page to locate the dealer closest to you.

Q. DOES ANTRIM CARPET SELL PRODUCTS ONLINE?
A. Some of our showrooms offer area rugs for sale online, however due to the complicated nature of wall to wall carpeting, most retailers do not offer our products for sale over the internet. We strongly recommend that you view the product in person at a local retailer before purchasing.

Q. WHAT TYPE OF VACUUM IS BEST FOR ANTRIM CARPET?
A. In most cases, a suction-only canister vacuum is best to prevent excess pilling and fuzzing. However, if this type is not available, set vacuum so that the brush is farthest away from the surface of the carpet.

Q. WHAT PADDING DO YOU RECOMMEND?
A. The best padding for most applications is either a 40-oz. synthetic felt or high-density solid rubber pad.

Glossary

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I |J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z


A


Absorption

The property of a fiber, yarn or fabric which enables it to attract and hold gasses or liquids within its pores.

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B


Berber

A term that originally referred to the traditional handweaving of North African tribes people who had handspun yarns made from the undyed wool of local sheep. This homespun, natural colored look has been developed on a commercial basis by carpet manufacturers.

Binding Yarn

Synthetic or natural yarn running lengthwise of the woven fabric, used to "bind" the pile tufts firmly; often called crimp warp or binder warp.

Blend

A carpet containing a mixture of two or more fibers.

Blending

Mixing several types of wool fibers together to create a desired color and consistent finish.

Boucle

A heavily textured loop pile.

Broadloom/Wall-to-wall

Carpet manufactured in at least 12-foot widths.

Brocade

A carpet or rug in which a raised pattern or engraved effect is formed using heavy twisted yarns tufts on a ground of straight fibers.

Burling

The process uses to mend carpet imperfections in woven products.

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C


Carding

Fiber which is combined to form wool slivers prior to spinning.

Carpet

Designation for a soft floor covering fabric. The word carpet has been used interchangeably to describe a wall-to-wall installed product or a rug, which is not fastened to the floor. Today, however, it is most often used to describe installed broadloom.

Chenille

A soft, silk cotton or worsted yarn fabric with a thick pile.

Cleaning

Scouring raw wool to remove undesirable fibers or colors.

Cockling

A curliness or crimpiness appearing in the cut face pile as a result of yarn or machine condition. Depending on the style, may be an intentional effect.

Count

A number identifying yarn size or weight per unit of length or vice versa, depending on the particular system being used.

Cut Pile

Carpet in which the tops of loops are cut to a uniform length.

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D


Denier

Unit of weight for the size of a single filament. The higher the denier, the heavier the yarn.

Density

Closeness of pile; amount of pile packed into a given area of carpet, usually measured in ounces per square yard.

Drop Match

When the design in a carpet is dropped in the next combining width of carpet to maintain the pattern.

Drying

Antrim yarn is dried in Hanks via natural sunlight.

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E


Embossed

In carpet, the type of pattern formed when heavy twisted tufts are used in a ground of straight yarns to create an engraved appearance. Both the straight and twisted yarns are often the same color.

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F


Finishing

A final process through which fabrics are put; such as shearing, steaming, application of secondary back or cushion, application of soil retardant, anti-static material, stain-resistance, etc.

Frieze/Hard Twist

Also called hard twist, this carpet pile uses highly twisted yarn for a more textured cut pile effect.


Full Roll/ Shipping Roll

A length of carpet; usually referred to as "roll goods". Most rolls measure approximately 100 feet long. However, this may vary based upon carpet thickness and construction.

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G


Gauge/Pitch

The number of ends of surface yarn counting across the width of carpet. In woven carpet, pitch is the number of ends of yarn in 27quote width, e.g. 216 divided by 28 = 8 end per inch. To convert gauge to pitch, multiply ends per inch by 27 e.g. 1/10 gauge is equivalent to 270 pitch, or 10 ends per inch x 27.

Greige Goods

Pronounced "gray goods." Undyed carpet or other textile materials.

Grin

Condition where the carpet backing shows between the rows of pile yarns.

Ground Color

The background color against which the top colors create the pattern or figure in the design.

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H


Hand

The tactile aesthetic qualities of carpet and textiles. Factors determining how carpet feels to the hand include pile weight, stiffness, lubricants, fiber type and denier, density, backing and latex.

Hand-Looming

The hand-loomed weaving technique is very similar to the weaving of Tibetan rugs or wire wilton carpets. The yam is woven around metals rods using a cotton warp yarn (lengthwise threads) and a polyester weft yarn (widthwise threads) to lock the individual rows of loops in place.

Hand-serging

The process of manually wrapping the edge of a carpet by stitching several matching threads at one time to create a uniform binding around the perimeter. This is primarily used when finishing area rugs.

Heather

A multicolor effect provided by blending fibers of different colors prior to spinning carpet yarn.

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J


Jaspe

Irregular stripes of two or more hues, shades or values of the same color used to produce a particular effect on the pile yarn of plain or evenly designed fabrics. Various jaspe effects can be produced by varying the twist of the yarn.

Jute

Derived from a fibrous plant. It is shredded and spun into yarn. Used as the backing for woven carpets, or woven into a backing fabric for tufted carpets.

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L


Level Loop

Carpet construction with face yarns tufted or woven into loops of same pile height.

Loop Pile

Carpet style having a pile surface consisting of uncut loops. May be woven or tufted. Also called "round wire" in woven carpet terminology.

Luster

Brightness or sheen of fibers, yarns, carpet or fabrics.

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M


Making Hank

Yarn which is converted to hanks (from bobbins) so that it can be washed.

Matting/Pile Crush

Severe pile crush combined with entanglement of fibers and tufts.

Moresque

Single strands of different colors of yarn twisted, or plied, together to form one multi-colored yarn. Moresque yarns thus have a "barber pole" appearance.

Multi-Level Loop Pile

Carpets with loops of yarn at different heights creating a sculptured effect.

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N


Nap

Carpet or rug pile surface.

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P


Pile

The upright ends of yarn, whether cut or looped, that form the wearing surface of carpets or rugs.

Pile Height

The height of pile measured from the surface of the back to the top of the pile, not including the thickness of the back.

Pile Reversal/ Pooling

An irreversible, localized change in the orientation of the pile of a carpet.

Pile Weight

The weight of pile yarn per square yard of carpet.

Pilling

A condition in certain fibers in which strands of the fiber separate and become knotted with other strands, causing a rough, spotty appearance. Pilled tufts should never be pulled from carpet, but may be cut off with sharp scissors at the pile surface.

Plied Yarns

Two or more strands, ends or plies either twisted or otherwise cohesively entwined, intermingled or entangled into a heavier yarn.

Plush

A cut-pile carpet where all the yarn ends blend together.

Plying

Two or more fiber strands which are twisted together to create a strong and balanced yarn.

Printed Carpet

Carpet having colored patterns applied by methods analogous to those for printing flat textiles and paper.

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R


Repeat

The distance from a point in a pattern figure to the same point where it occurs again, measuring width and lengthwise of the fabric.

Resilience

The ability of a carpet fabric or padding to spring back to its original shape of thickness after being crushed or walked upon.

Riser

The upright part of a step between two stair treads.

Rows

Rows of yarn counting lengthwise in one inch of carpet.

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S


Sculptured

A multi-level texture pattern.

Self-tone

A pattern of two or more shades of the same color. When two shades are used in a pattern or design, it is called two-tone.

Selvage

The edge of a carpet so finished that it will not ravel or require binding or hemming.

Serging

A method of finishing edges of area rugs cut from roll goods by use of heavy, colored yarn sewn around the edges in a close, overcast stitch.

Shading

The apparent change of color in an area of a cut pile carpet caused by light reflecting on pile laying in different directions. It is not a manufacturing defect. Also called pile switch, pile reversal, and watermarking.

Shag

A deep-pile texture with long cut surface yarns. Currently defined as having a pile height greater than 3/4" with density not exceeding 1800.

Shearing

The process in manufacture in which carpet is drawn under revolving cutting blades, in order to produce a smooth face on the fabric.

Shedding

The process of losing loose fiber from the pile yarn of a new carpet. It is not harmful to the carpet. Also called fluffing.

Spinning

Wool silver which is batched and spun into yarn.

Sprouting

Protrusion of individual tuft or yarn ends above pile surface. May be clipped with scissors.

Static

The build up of electric charge when a person walks over a carpet, which is subsequently discharged. It occurs on natural and synthetic fibers and is dictated by humidity.

Step Return

A term for that part of a staircase tread that extends over the riser. Also known as a bullnose or extended nosing.

Stretch

A carpet installation term for the amount of elongation of carpet when it is stretched over cushion onto tackless strip. Generally 1 to 2 percent.

Stria/Striped

A striped effect obtained by loosely twisting two strands of one shade of yarn with one strand of a lighter or darker shade. The single yarn appears like irregular stripes.

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T


Tensile Strength

Breaking strain of yarns or fabrics. High tensile strength means strong yarns or fabrics.

Tip Shearing

A textured loop pattern produced by shearing the tips of some of the loops in a multi-height loop pile.

Tone-on-tone

A carpet pattern made by using two or more shades of the same hue.

Top colors

Colors of the yarn used to form the design, as distinguished from ground color.

Twisting

The process of twisting fibers together to form a continuous strand.


V


W


Wall-to-wall/Broadloom

Carpet manufactured in at least 12-foot widths.

Warp

In woven carpet, yarns running lengthwise.

Weft

In woven carpet, yarns running crosswise between warp yarns.

Wires

A component of a carpet-weaving loom on wich the pile is formed.

Worsted

Smooth, firmly twisted yarn made from long strands of wool.

Woven Carpet

Carpet produced on a loom through a weaving process by which the lengthwise (warp) yarns and widthwise (weft or filling) yarns are interlaced to form the fabric.

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